- No holes or cracks in walls or roof.
- Doors operate properly.
- Closing devices operate properly.
- No adhesive labels from the previous cargo, e.g. IMO placards.
- For open-top containers: roof bows are complete and correctly fitted.
- For open-top containers: tarpaulins are undamaged and fit properly; ends of tarpaulin ropes are undamaged; all roof eyes are present.
- For hard-top containers: roof is undamaged, roof locking mechanism fits and operates properly.
- Container is watertight. Test method: enter container, close both doors tightly and look for incoming light (e.g. through cracks, holes, door gaskets etc.).
- Container interior is absolutely dry. (Wipe up any condensation or white frost in order to avoid corrosion and moisture damage of the cargo.)
- Container is clean, free of cargo residues and neutral in odor.
- No nails or other protrusions which could damage the cargo.
“PLANS ARE NOTHING; PLANNING IS EVERYTHING”
To avoid problems such as cargo overflow or wastage of space, it is essential for shippers to have a stuffing plan before cargo is loaded into the container.
Generally speaking, a 20' container can hold as much as 28-30 cbm or 980-1,060 cu.ft., while a 40' can hold about 56-60 cbm or 1,980-2,110 cu.ft. The actual loading Internal Capacity of a container depends not only on the dimensions of the carton boxes but also on many other factors such as the packaging material and the competence and experience of the stuffing personnel.
Besides the cargo's measurement, the stuffing plan should also take the weight into consideration. It is important to note that in many countries the permissible weight limits for road and rail transportation are lower than the maximum payload a container can afford.
Use of Pallets
Palletization is widely applied in some countries to increase cargo handling efficiency. When pallets are used, it is important to observe that :
- There are two major types of pallets, "Europallet" and standard pallets. The size of the "Europallets" is 800mm x 1,200mm per piece while the size of standard pallets is 1,000mm x 1,200mm per piece. A 20' container can hold eleven "Europallets" in one tier or nine to ten standard pallets in one tier while a 40' container can hold 23-24 "Europallets" in one tier or 20-21 standard pallets in one tier.
- Wooden pallets must be strong enough to allow storage of three tiers when loaded.
- Carton boxes must not overhang the edges of the pallets. On the other hand, boxes which utilize less than 90% of the pallet surface and do not align with the pallet edge can shift in transit.
In many cases, pallets are replaced by slipsheets to save space. some shippers use neither pallets or slipsheets in order to stuff more cargo into the container.